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日本語文學 第101輯.jpg
KCI등재 학술저널

모리사키 가즈에의 ‘식민지 조선으로 가는 길’

‘두려운’ 타자에서 ‘상쾌한’ 타자로

森崎和江(1927-2022)は戦後韓国を訪問しており、その旅程は「植民地朝鮮への道」 であった。その旅は近代日本の植民主義が遺した傷痕と対面し、共鳴して返ってくるこだまに耳を傾ける過程でもあった。敗戦前、森崎は大邱、慶州、金泉で過ごし、大邱と慶州に対する記述は多いが、「金泉」に対する記述は多くない。本稿では、󰡔慶州は母の呼び声󰡕(1984)と󰡔こだまひびく山河の中へ󰡕(1986)に現れた金泉に関する記述を比較分析し、植民地朝鮮を見つめる森崎のもう一つの視線を明確にした。󰡔慶州は母の呼び声󰡕の中で、金泉は森崎の原郷と表象される慶州とは異なり、抵抗と恐怖感を与える不穏な植民地朝鮮として表象されている。ところが、󰡔こだまひびく山河の中へ󰡕では、崔松雪堂や社会事業家の金任順のような、個人として自立した女性と遭遇し、新しいアジアの女性を発見する空間へ変貌する。これを通じて森崎の「朝鮮への道」は恐ろしい他者ではなく、すがすがしい他者との出会いになる。森崎和江の韓国旅行記は朝鮮への原罪意識を越え、現代韓国という新しい他者と向かい合う道程を見せており、その他者の発見は偶然の出会いと発見に満ちている。それは森崎の脱植民の道程でもいえる。その道程は非植民側の植民主義の傷痕からの脱皮だけではなく、植民側の植民主義的思考や態勢の解体をも必要とするのを明らかにしている。

Kazue Morisaki (1927-2022) visited South Korea after the war, and the itinerary was published as The Road to Colonial Korea. It was the process of confronting the scars left by the modern Japanese colonialism and listening to the echoes that resonated with them. Morisaki spent her time in Daegu, Gyeongju and Gimcheon before the war, and there are many descriptions of Daegu and Gyeongju, but not many about Gimcheon. This article compares and analyzes the descriptions of Gimcheon that appear in Gyeongju is Mother’s Call (1984) and Into the Mountains and Rivers with the Sound of Echoes (1986), and clarifies Morisaki’s other points of view when looking at colonial Korea. In Gyeongju is a mother’s call, Gimcheon is a colony of Korea, which gives uneasy resistance and fear unlike Gyeongju. However, in Into the Sound of the Mountains and Rivers, Morisaki encounters Choi Song Seol-dang and a social entrepreneur Kim Im-sun, and discovers an Asian woman who has emerged as an individual through the resistance of colonial Korea, the war, and dispersion. Through this, Morisaki changes his emotional attitude from the disturbing resistance and fear she felt in Gimcheon to a relief. Kazue Morisaki’s travel essay on Korea goes beyond the original sinfulness of Korea and shows the journey to face the new other, modern Korea, and the discovery of the other is full of occasional encounters and discoveries. The same can be said of Morisaki’s decolonization process. It makes it clear that the path requires not only the shedding of the colonial scars of the non-colonial side, but also the dismantling of colonialist thinking and attitudes of the colonial side.

1. 머리말

2. 식민지의 저항 공간으로서 김천

3. ‘상쾌한’ 아시아 속의 ‘나’를 찾아

4. 맺음말

참고문헌

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