Abstract: The ideological and political theory course is a cornerstone in upholding the Party’s educational policies, fostering moral development, and disseminating and teaching the Party’s innovative theories. In the new era, the sense of gain among higher vocational college students in ideological and political theory courses serves as a crucial indicator of teaching effectiveness. Faced with the challenges of multiculturalism, contemporary college students have diverse demands for ideological and political education. However, the limitations of traditional ideological and political courses hinder the enhancement of students’ sense of gain. This paper focuses on students at Kunming Railway Vocational and Technical College, conducting a survey using questionnaires to assess the current sense of gain of students in the “Ideology, Morality, and Rule of Law” course, and presents effective measures and recommendations to address this issue.