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KCI등재 학술저널

한국 민속놀이를 활용한 그룹 회상치료의 개발 및 효과 검증 연구

지역사회 경도인지장애 및 치매 환자 대상 그룹 인지중재치료

Objective: This study explored the efficacy of group reminiscence therapy, incorporating traditional plays, for individuals with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and dementia patients. Methods: We provided 10 sessions of group reminiscence therapy to 25 MCI and dementia patients. We conducted assessments, both before and after the program, encompassing a range of tests, namely the Mini-Mental Status Examination (MMSE), Dysexecutive Questionnaire, Zarit Burden Interview (ZBI-K), Dementia Care Assessment Packet-Instrumental Activities of Daily Living, Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS-K), and Neuropsychiatric Inventory (NPI-K). Results: Following the program, there was a significant improvement in MMSE scores for MCI patients (19.17 to 22.33, p=0.027). There was a significant improvement in NPI-K scores for dementia patients (8.05 to 3.74, p=0.006). There was a significant improvement in GDS-K scores for MCI patients (17.00 to 14.00, p=0.043). There was a significant improvement in ZBIK scores for dementia (28.53 to 17.68, p=0.001) and MCI patients (29.17 to 16.33, p=0.046). Conclusion: Our study suggested that group reminiscence therapy based on traditional play might be effective in global cognition of MCI patients, neuropsychological symptoms of dementia patients, depression of MCI patients, and caregiver burden of all subjects.

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