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몽골학 제75호.jpg
KCI등재 학술저널

몽골 문화유산 보호 법체계 변화 연구

사회주의 체제 시기(1924~1991년)를 중심으로

One of the advantages of Mongolia’s implementation of a comprehensive policy on cultural heritage preservation and protection since 1921 is the establishment of legal regulations. The first legal act related to preservation and protection of cultural heritage is “Regulations on Preservation of Antiquities” was approved on September 5, 1924 with 10 articles, which covered the jurisdiction of ownership of cultural heritage, items included in cultural heritage, their study, preservation, protection, regulations on use, control, and responsibility are included. After that, on November 13, 1941, in connection with the current situation, the previous 1924 rule was added and approved as a same name “Rule for the Preservation of Antiquities” with 10 articles. Provisions relating to ownership, preservation, protection, use, and control are included in this 1941 regulation, similar to the previous regulation approved in 1924. However, with this regulation, for the first time, cultural heritages were ranked, along with a list of cultural heritage to be protected by the state. On October 12, 1970, 30 years after the adoption of the 1941 regulation, the “Law on the Protection of Cultural heritages of the People’s Republic of Mongolia” consisting of 4 chapters and 20 articles was approved for the first time. The law regulates the definition, ownership, classification and scope of cultural heritages, monitoring of research, collection, preservation, and use activities, as well as responsibilities for violators of the law. However, the list of monuments to be protected by the state and the level of cultural heritage included in the previous rules are not included.

1. 서론

2. 몽골 사회 체제의 변화와 문화유산 보존ㆍ보호

3. 문화유산 보존ㆍ보호 법률의 변화

4. 결론

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