상세검색
최근 검색어 전체 삭제
다국어입력
즐겨찾기0
중국학(구중국어문론집) 第85輯.jpg
KCI등재 학술저널

论『月山诗话』的诗学思想

恒仁是清代宗室诗人,有四十三则,约万言的『月山诗话』一卷。诗话内容包括品评唐、宋诗人诗作,纠前人诗歌作者及典章制度之正误,考前人诗歌创作之师法和技法,对富有争议的问题抒发己见等。诗学观方面,虽较少正面阐述其诗学理念和见解,但仍能在其考证、品评、分析诗歌审美价值的过程中析出。主张复古、兼取唐宋,重视人品及勤学;诗歌创作技巧方面,主张辩证地学习江西诗法;要求诗歌敦厚端庄、语言清新俊逸;评价他人诗歌重视考证校勘;宗主格调,对于神韵思想亦有所接受。诗话取得了独特的价值,如将乾嘉学派重考证的治学方法与诗歌批评相结合,充分展示了清代宗室汉文素养和水平,侧面证实了满族对汉文化的重视,突破格调派宗唐的局限,辩证运用江西诗派诗歌创作技巧等。『月山诗话』对完善清代格调思想,修正格调派的部分理论缺陷,起了积极的推动作用。诗话亦有不足之处,如因过分喜爱杜甫,对李白的评价有失偏颇等。

Hengren is a poet of the Qing Dynasty, and has a volume called “Yue Shan Notes On Poets and Poetry”. The content includes evaluating the poems of Tang and Song dynasties, correcting the mistakes of the poems and expressing their views on controversial issues.On the aspect of poetics, he advocated studying Tang Dynasty poetry and paying attention to morality and hard work;In terms of poetry creation skills, he advocated dialectical study of Jiangxi poetry school;The language of poetry should be fresh and mild;Evaluating other people's poems emphasizes examination and verification;Taking “The Literary Style Theory” as the main idea, we also accept the idea of “Charm Theory”. Poetry has gained special value, such as evaluating poetry by means of “Qianjia School” emphasis on examination and verification; It fully demonstrates the level of Han culture in the Qing Dynasty and confirms the importance Manchu attach to Han culture; Break through the “The Literary Style Theory” to “Tang” as the main limitation; “Yue Shan Notes On Poets and Poetry” played an active role in perfecting the thought of “the Literary Style Theory” in Qing Dynasty, correcting some theoretical defects of style school. This “Yue Shan Notes On Poets and Poetry” also has some shortcomings. For example, because he likes Du Fu, his evaluation of Li Bai is not objective.

1. 引言

2. 『月山诗话』内容构成与主题解读

3. 『月山诗话』蕴涵的诗学观

4. 『月山诗话』:诗学思想史上的评价

5. 结语

로딩중