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중국학(구중국어문론집) 第85輯.jpg
KCI등재 학술저널

“双高计划”背景下广东省校企合作政策的文本研究

基于McDonnell&Elmore政策工具的视角

随着国家经济的发展,技术人才的培养迫在眉睫。广东省作为中国第一经济大省,政府需要快速增强政策的合理性、实效性和实用性,充分发挥政策工具的中介、引导和推进作用。本研究借助新的视角,分析研究热点,对区域职业教育政策的改进可以提供一定的借鉴作用。本研究采用定性研究的方法,对“双高计划”背景下广东省校企合作政策的文本展开研究。基于McDonnell&Elmore政策工具的视角,构建“X轴”政策工具和“Y轴”人才培养模式要素的分析框架模型。使用WPS软件将有效的政策文本全文采集并转化,通过NVivo12Plus软件对政策文本进行严谨地编码及解析。通过先行研究及政策文本的词频分析,明确“双高计划”背景下广东省校企合作政策的关注重点。通过政策工具的使用及人才培养模式要素的比例分析,揭示现行政策的框架、特征和困境。通过政策内容、政策工具和人才培养模式要素三个方面,讨论现行政策的优化建议和未来进路。广东省校企合作政策的五种政策工具分布并不均衡,可见广东省现行校企合作政策需要及时调整比例,增强合理性,避免降低实效性。从人才培养模式要素的出现频次来看,方式要素占比最高,理念要素最低,因此在未来的政策制定中,应该提高理念要素的占比,灌输正确的价值观念,优化人才培养模式,增强政策的实用性。

With the development of the national economy, the cultivation of technical talents is urgent. As the largest economical province in China, the government of Guangdong Province needs to quickly enhance the rationality, effectiveness, and practicality of policies, fully leverage the mediating, guiding, and promoting role of policy tools. This research from a new perspective to analyze current research focus, which can provide some reference for improving region vocational education policies. This research adopted a qualitative research method to analyze the text of college-enterprise cooperation policies in Guangdong Province under the background of the “Double High Program”, based on the perspective of McDonnell & Elmore policy tools, constructed an analytical framework model, formed “X-axis” policy tools and “Y-axis” talent cultivation model elements, used WPS software to fully collect effective policy texts, and rigorously encoded and analyzed policy texts with the NVivo12Plus software. Through the previous researches and the key words frequency analysis of policy texts, which can clarify the research focus of Guangdong Province's college-enterprise cooperation policy under the background of the “Double High Program”. By analyzing the proportion of policy tools and the proportion of talent cultivation model elements, it can reveal the framework, characteristics, and challenges of current policies. From three dimensions analysis: policy content, policy tools and talent cultivation model elements, it can achieve conclusion, suggestions and future approaches for current policies. The distribution of the five policy tools for college-enterprise cooperation policy in Guangdong Province is not balanced, indicating that the current policies need to adjust the policy tool proportion in a timely manner, enhance rationality and effectiveness. From the frequency of appearance of talent cultivation model elements, the proportion of mode elements is the highest, while the proportion of concept elements is the lowest. Therefore, in future policy formulation, it is necessary to increase the proportion of concept elements, instill correct values, optimize talent cultivation model, and enhance the practicality of policies.

1. 绪论

2. 先行研究

3. 研究方法

4. 研究结果

5. 结论与建议

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