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중국학(구중국어문론집) 第85輯.jpg
KCI등재 학술저널

中美战略博弈及中国的应对

基于硬实力与软实力

在21世纪的国际政治舞台上,中美两国的战略博弈是最为引人注目的焦点之一。作为两个全球性大国,中美在多个领域的竞争和合作为全球政治经济格局带来了深远的影响。中美关系的历史演进逻辑为我们提供了理解当前战略博弈的关键。在硬实力方面,中美之间的经济、科技竞争日益加剧,导致了双方在经济、科技等领域的摩擦。软实力在中美关系中的作用也不容忽视,美国长期以其民主、自由的价值观对外输出,而中国则强调和平发展、共同繁荣的理念。中美战略博弈是一个复杂而多面的议题,为了应对这一挑战,中国需要综合运用各种策略和手段,确保其长期的稳定和发展。

On the international political stage of the 21st century, the strategic rivalry between China and the United States is one of the most captivating focal points. As two major global powers, China and the United States, their competition and cooperation across multiple domains have profound implications for the global political and economic landscape. The historical evolution of Sino-U.S. relations provides us with key insights into the understanding of the current strategic rivalry. Within the realm of hard power, the economic and technological rivalry between China and the United States is intensifying, engendering notable frictions within areas such as economics and technology. These frictions reverberate through their interactions, influencing their positions and interests on the global stage. However, the role of soft power in the context of Sino-American relations cannot be understated. The United States has persistently exported its values of democracy and freedom, whereas China emphasizes the principles of peaceful development and shared prosperity. The strategic rivalry between China and the United States is an intricate, multifaceted issue that poses significant challenges. To effectively address this complexity, China must employ a comprehensive array of strategies and measures to ensure its enduring stability and sustained development in the ever-evolving global landscape.

1. 绪论

2. 中美战略博弈的背景

3. 中美基于硬实力的战略博弈

4. 中美基于软实力的战略博弈

5. 中国的应对

6. 结论

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