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KCI등재 학술저널

“中国式现代化”的理论解读与政策分析

2022年10月,中国共产党的二十大明确提出“中国式现代化”的概念。随后,习近平主席在多次讲话中进一步阐述了“中国式现代化”的相关理论,并将其认定为中国特色社会主义的理论创新。具体而言,“中国式现代化”主要囊括五大特色,即“人口规模巨大的现代化”、“全体国民共同富裕的现代化”、“物质文明与精神文明协调的现代化”、“人与自然和谐共生的现代化”、“走和平发展道路的现代化”。该理论的提出与完善标志着中国政府在意识形态和国家发展理念上,逐步摒除西方发达国家的传统现代化道路,并试图为中国的发展道路与模式提供理论依据。此理论一经提出,立即成为中国国内社会科学各领域的研究热点。尽管如此,现有研究仍以意识形态宣传性为主,而学术研究性不足。与此同时,“中国式现代化”理论的提出也引起了韩国学术界的广泛关注,韩国的中国问题专家就该理论对未来中国政治经济与韩中关系可能产生的影响给予了诸多解读。本文拟从理论分析的角度出发,回顾中国国内现代化理论的发展与沿革,解读“中国式现代化”理论的核心要素以及对未来中国治理模式所产生的影响。

The Chinese Communist Party (CCP) proposed the concept of “Chinese Path to Modernization” at the 20th National Congress of the CCP in October 2022. Thereafter, President Xi Jinping further developed the concept in various public speeches and saw it as a key theoretical innovation for the theory of socialism with Chinese characteristics. “Chinese Path to Modernization” embodies five main features: modernization of a huge population, of common prosperity for all, of material and cultural-ethical advancement, of harmony between humanity and nature, and of peaceful development. It indicates that China expects to breaks the modernization model of Western powers and seeks to build theoretical foundation for its own development path. Despite “Chinese Path to Modernization” growing into a heated topic among the Chinese academia, existing research appears to be overwhelmingly propaganda-oriented and lacks of solid academic basis. Meanwhile, the “Chinese Path to Modernization” theory has also drawn substantial research attention in Korea. Korea’s China experts have provided various analysis on possible impacts to Chinese political economy and Sino-Korean relations in the future. This paper reviews the evolution of modernization theory in China. Moreover, this study also explores the core ideas and key implications embedded into this emerging concept, and looks at its potential impacts to China’s national governance from both theoretical and policy-based landscapes.

1. 序论

2. 中国历史角度下“现代化”概念的演化

3. “中国式现代化”的研究脉络与沿革

4. “中国式现代化”的理论阐述

5. 结论:关于“中国式现代化”的思考与展望

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