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Journal of Education and Teaching 제2권 제1호.jpg
학술저널

杜威职业教育思想的形成及影响

杜威于19 世纪中叶出生于美国东北部佛蒙特州伯林顿市的杂货商家庭,在美国度过了完整的求学过程。大学时期,酷爱阅读的杜威深受黑格尔的哲学和霍尔的心理学的影响,并成为后来教育学研究的重要根基。杜威长期任职于芝加哥大学和哥伦比亚大学等高校,在批判吸收卢梭、裴斯泰洛奇、福禄贝尔等教育家理论的前提下,深入开展教学实验,建立“杜威学校”,在实践中提出并验证“做中学”、“主动作业”等职业教育思想。杜威的职业教育思想催生了美国新型教育机构——综合中学,并对新职业主义运动的兴起产生了巨大影响。与此同时,杜威的职业教育思想深刻启发了陶行知、黄炎培的职业教育思想,深化了我国大众对于职业教育地位的认知,推动了我国职业教育学校及机构的改革和职业教育师资的培养。

Dewey was born in a grocer’s family in Burlington, Vermont, in the northeast of the United States in the mid-19th century. He spent his whole schooling in the United States. In college, Dewey, who loved reading, was deeply influenced by Hegel’s philosophy and Hall’s psychology, which became an important foundation for later educational research. Dewey has long served in universities such as the University of Chicago and Columbia University. On the premise of critically absorbing the theories of educators such as Rousseau, Pestalozzi, and Frobel, he carried out in-depth teaching experiments, established the “Dewey School”, and proposed and verified the vocational education ideas of “learning by doing” and “active work” in practice. Dewey’s vocational education ideas gave birth to a new type of educational institution in the United States - the comprehensive high school, and had a huge impact on the rise of the new professionalism movement. At the same time, Dewey’s vocational education ideas deeply inspired Tao Xingzhi and Huang Yanpei’s vocational education ideas, deepened the public’s cognition of the status of vocational education in China, and promoted the reform of vocational education schools and institutions and the cultivation of vocational education teachers in China.

Ⅰ. 引言

Ⅱ. 杜威的生平

Ⅲ. 杜威的职业教育实践

Ⅳ. 杜威职业教育思想的形成

Ⅴ. 杜威教育职业教育思想的影响

Ⅵ. 结语

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