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Clinical Psychopharmacology and Neuroscience Vol.22 No.1.jpg
SCOPUS 학술저널

Safety and Efficacy of an Intensified and Repeated Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation Targeting Supplementary Motor Area and Dorsolateral Prefrontal Cortex in Trichotillomania (Hair Pulling Disorder): A Case Report

Trichotillomania (or hair pulling disorder) is a habitual condition in which patients constantly pull their hair. Although psychotherapies such as behavioral therapy and pharmacotherapy have shown relative effectiveness for trichotillomania, some patients fail to respond to these interventions or show only partial responses. Recently, noninvasive brain stimulation techniques such as transcranial direct current stimulation have shown promise in the treatment of psychiatric disorders. We designed a new protocol that included intensified and repeated during 16 sessions, every other day, 2 sessions one day, current intensity of 2 mA for 20 minutes, which regions dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) and supplementary motor area (SMA): Anodal (F3) and cathodal (SMA) were selected as stimulation target areas. The results showed that after the electrical stimulation intervention and also in the follow-up phase, there was a significant improvement in hair pulling behavior and psychiatric evaluations such as depression and anxiety. Therefore, there are many hopes in the effectiveness of the protocol used (intensified and repeated DLPFC and SMA areas) in the treatment of trichotillomania disorder, although there is a need for a future experimental study with a larger group of patients.

INTRODUCTION

CASE

DISCUSSION

REFERENCES

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