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Journal of Global and Area Studies Review (GAS) Vol.1, No.1.jpg
학술저널

Analysis of the Current Situation and Hot Spots of Music Education Research in Elementary Schools in China

【背景】音乐教育作为学校教育的重要艺术课程之一,是学生全面发展的组成部分。对领略的相关研究及中国2022 年版《义务教育艺术课程标准》的颁布实施,为新一轮音乐教育的课堂变革奠定了新的基础。【目的】对中国前两轮课程改革期间(2002 年-2012 年-2022 年)的初等学校音乐教育研究的相关学术期刊文献进行分析,揭示近20 年来该领域的研究现状和热点,可以为新一轮的课程改革提供认知支持。【方法】在中国知网数据库进行文献检索,借助CiteSpace 可视化分析软件,通过计量统计方法和可视化方法,对2363 篇文献的高频词、高中心性词和突显性词等进行探索和分析,呈现了研究领域的结构和演化趋势。【结果】发现,在过去20 年里,中国初等学校音乐教育的研究主题逐步演变。早期研究主要关注小学音乐课堂的教学方法、音乐教育与音乐教师。而近年来,新兴研究议题涉及核心素养、展示活动、音乐素养等方面。【结论】表明,中国初等学校音乐教育研究热点内容紧随时代的课程改革方向,成果聚集于具体的课堂教学目标,但在不同的课改阶段对课堂教学内容的研究关注各有所侧重。这一全景图为未来初等音乐教育的实践者和研究者提供了重要的参考,同时为决策者提供了数据支持。为新一轮的课程改革理清已有研究成果脉络,有助于推进中国初等音乐教育和课堂教学质量的可持续发展。

[Background] Music education, as one of the crucial artistic courses in school education, constitutes an integral part of students' comprehensive development. The relevant studies on perception, along with the promulgation and implementation of the 2022 edition of China's “Compulsory Education Art Curriculum Standards”, have laid a new foundation for the upcoming round of transformative restructuring in music education classrooms. [Objective] The objective of this study is to analyze relevant academic journal literature on elementary school music education during the first two rounds of curriculum reforms in China (2002-2012-2022). This analysis aims to reveal the research status and hotspots in this field over the past two decades, providing cognitive support for the upcoming round of curriculum reforms. [Method] Literature retrieval was conducted on the China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) database, and CiteSpace visualization analysis software was utilized. Employing quantitative and visual methods, an exploration and analysis of high-frequency terms, high-centrality terms, and salient terms in 2363 articles were conducted, presenting the structure and evolutionary trends in the research field. [Results] It was found that over the past 20 years, research themes in Chinese elementary school music education have gradually evolved. Early studies primarily focused on pedagogical methods in primary school music classrooms, music education, and music teachers. In recent years, emerging research topics encompass core competencies, presentation activities, and music literacy. [Conclusion] The findings indicate that the hotspots in research on Chinese elementary school music education align closely with the directions of contemporary curriculum reforms. Achievements predominantly converge on specific classroom teaching objectives, but the research focus on classroom teaching content varies across different stages of curriculum reform. This panoramic view provides essential reference for future practitioners and researchers in elementary music education, while offering crucial data support for decision-makers. Clarifying the trajectory of existing research achievements during the forthcoming curriculum reform process will facilitate the sustainable development of both elementary music education and the quality of classroom teaching in China.

1. 文献数据的获取和分析方法

2. 中国初等教育学校音乐教育研究文献的基本现状

3. 音乐教育研究的热点前沿分析

4. 初等学校音乐教育主题研究的趋势与展望

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