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Journal of Education and Teaching 제2권 제2호.jpg
학술저널

存在主义教育思想:核心观点、辩证分析及对中国教育现代化的启示

从存在主义到存在主义教育,这一思想流派在世界范围产生了一定的影响。当前,世界各国都十分重视培养创新人才、建设教育强国,中国也在教育现代化的道路上不断进取。存在主义教育作为教育哲学的一大流派,其思想精华仍有很多可取之处。存在主义教育思想的核心是“自我教育”,它主张“以学生为本”、构建平等的新型师生关系、重视生命教育等,这些思想精华为中国教育现代化的发展提供了宝贵的启示。取其精华,去其糟粕。未来,应坚持“以学生为本”,重视个性教育与特长培养;应构建师生平等互动的“双主体教学模式”;应重视加强生命教育,适时完善和创新课程内容;应全面提升学生“自我教育”的能力,使学生能够自觉学习、终身学习。真正地提高教育质量,让学生更好地应对未来的挑战和机遇,让存在主义的理想照进现实。

From existentialism to existentialist education, this ideological school has exerted a certain influence worldwide. Currently, countries around the world attach great importance to cultivating innovative talents and building strong education systems, and China is also making continuous progress on the path of educational modernization. As a major branch of educational philosophy, existentialist education still holds many valuable insights. The core of existentialist education lies in “self-education”, advocating a student-centered approach, establishing a new and equal teacher-student relationship, and emphasizing life education. These valuable insights have provided inspiration for the development of China's educational modernization. We should take the essence and discard the dross. In the future, we should persist in a student-centered approach, emphasizing individualized education and talent development. We should establish a “dual-subject teaching model” that promotes equal interaction between teachers and students. We should also emphasize the strengthening of life education, timely improve and innovate curriculum content. Furthermore, we should comprehensively enhance students’ ability for “self-education”, enabling them to engage in conscious and lifelong learning, truly improving the quality of education, and realizing the ideals of existentialism in reality.

Ⅰ. 引言

Ⅱ. 存在主义教育思想的核心观点

Ⅲ. 存在主义教育思想的辩证分析

Ⅳ. 存在主义教育思想对中国教育现代化的启示

Ⅴ. 结语

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