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International journal of Marxism studies 제1권 제1호.jpg
학술저널

《资本论》的逻辑倒推与马克思主义的立场正论

《资本论》的书写逻辑是“论资本”,在本质上是论资本的社会属性。在资本主义社会中,资本的社会属性在于对劳动的制度性剥削,因此,《资本论》的书写逻辑“论资本”,其更深层次的思想逻辑在于“论劳动”,而“论劳动”的思想逻辑在主体性和社会性上又最终落脚于促进“劳动者”的主体觉醒和功能发挥。马克思的《资本论》是坚持劳动价值论与超越资本主义社会劳动价值论的统一,这在现实社会延展开来就是马克思主义为“劳动者”代言这一政治立场的集中表达。

The writing logic of Das Kapital is centered on “the discussion of capital”, essentially examining the societal attributes of capital. In capitalist society, the social attribute of capital lies in the systemic exploitation of labor. Therefore, while the writing logic of Das Kapital focuses on “the discussion of capital”, its deeper ideological logic lies in “the discussion of labor”, and the ideological logic ultimately aims at promoting the awakening and functionality of “laborers” in terms of subjectivity and sociality, Marx’s Das Kapital adheres to the labor theory of value and seeks to transcend the capitalist society’s labor theory of value. In practical terms, this is a concentrated expression of the political stance of Marxism speaking for “laborers”.

Ⅰ.引言

Ⅱ.书写的逻辑:由《资本论》到“论资本”

Ⅲ.思想的逻辑:由“论资本”到“论劳动”

Ⅳ.主体的逻辑:由“论劳动”到“论劳动者”

Ⅴ.政治的逻辑:由“论劳动者”到“为劳动者代言”

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