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KCI등재 학술저널

고전 아랍어의 형성에 주변 외국어가 끼친 영향과 차용에 나타난 언어적 특징

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the classical arabic was influenced by languages of its neighboring countries. the evidences are found in the quran, the hadith, and the literature of the jahiliyyah concretely in the forms of foreign terms, borrowed words. in this study, the researcher tried to figure out the borrowed words in the classical arabic, especially in the quran. the study is divided into four chapters; introduction, borrowed words in the quran, linguistic features of borrowed words, and lastly conclusion. in the second chapter, one of the two main chapters the researcher dealt with borrowed words from the greek and the latin, the aramaic and the habashite, and the persian. latin vocabularies are usually found in the semantic fields of commerce, administration, title, monetary unit, weight and measure. meanwhile, aramaic vocabularis range from the semantic fields of agriculture, handicraft, plants to trade and commerce, politics and administration. borrowed words from the habashite are mainly chapter, the researcher enumerated linguistic features of borrowed words as follows. first of all, borrowed words usually have not radical consonants of derivatives. secondly, the mizans of borrowed words is not pure arabic. finally, borrowed words usually do not fit the consonantal order of the pure arabic. the researcher concludes the study by hoping the simillar studies will come out in the near future, which focus upon the borrowed words found in another two resources, the hadith, and the literature of the jahiliyyah.

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