환경영향평가제의 효율적 실시에 있어 주민참여에 관한 연구
- 서정무 정순형
- 103 - 118 (16 pages)
Environmental Impact Assessment(EIA) is one of the most important procedures in the course of all developing activities which involve decision-making. An EIA can be defined as an activity designed to identify and predict the in impact on the biogeophysical and the socioeconomic environment and on man's health and well-being of legislative proposals, policies, programmes, projects, and operational procedures, and to interpret and communicate information about the impacts. Because in the process of EIA, resident participation is one of the most important procedures. The demand for resident participation in EIA is being increased, because it can help establishing, the appropriate EIA, materializing the overall coordination function of administration, and democratic environmental administration preventing the possible arbitrary decision by the related authorities. As a result the alternatives for organize to resident participation in EIA have been noted and those alternatives are explained as follows: 1. People's awareness of the environment must change to environmental preservation from economic growth. 2. Officials should share the cognition that resident participation is possible for our environmental administration, it benefits both the government and the resident in the long run, and it doesn't contradict the efficiency of environmental administrator. 3. The scope of "Standing to sue" in a administrative litigation dealing with environmental affairs should be enlarged. 4. A obligatory law suit which are on the reciprocal complementary relationship with the activation of resident participation should be permitted. Finally once again emphasizing the urgent need for resident participation in EIA to ensure healthy and sanitary living conditions for the people of the present and the future, the writer hopes this study will contribute to the environmental problems.
II. 현대국가의 환경행정에 있어서 주민참여의 역할과 전망
III. 주민참여의 이론적 배경
IV. 환경영향평가제의 실시에 있어 주민참여
V. 환경영향평가에 있어 주민참여를 제도화하는 방안