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KCI등재 학술저널

의과대학생의 도덕발달단계에 대한 연구(II)

Moral Stage Profile을 중 심 으 로

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Using the short form of Defining Issue Test(DIT) compiled by Rest in 1979, this study was undertaken to compare the stages of the moral development in the premedical freshman, the medical sophomore, the medical senior, the non-medical freshman and the non-medical senior. The number of subjcets were 609 in total, that is 300 medical students and 309 non-medical students all from a same university. The following results were obtained using the computer analysis. 1) There was a significant difference(P〈0.05) for grade and college in some stages of the moral development between the groups. However, there was no difference for sex, age, sibling rank, residental area and religion. 2) In the medical students, the moral developmental stage 2,3 score were decreased and the stage 4,5, 6 scors were increased by the increasing grade. The A scores was decreased by the increasing grade in a college. This tendency was also noted in the non-mediqal students. 3) The medical sophomores showed a specific moral stage profile that was different from the non-medical seniors. This finding was thought to be due to the specific environment o f the medical sophomores. 4) The PM score(10.05) of the medical seniors were lower than that( 10.30) of the medical sophomores while stage 4 score of medical seniors(8.24) was higher than that(5.86) of medical sophomores. This finding showed that the medical seniors were more oriented towards conventional morality rather than postconventional morality. 5) From the result of two-way ANOVA, there was a significant difference in college by stage 2 score and in grade by stage 4 score or A score.

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