Anxiety and Depression in young adults with scars of self-injury were investigated and compared with those in normal subjects, in patients with anxiety state and depressive disorder, using the Leeds scales for self-assessment of anxiety and depression. Scores of depression general scale in those with scars of self-injury were significantly higher than in normal subjects, but the scores of anxiety general scale were not significantly different from each other. Scores of each scale of anxiety and depression in those with scars of self-injury were significantly lower than those in patients with anxiety state or with depressive disorder. As a group, the young adults with scars of self-injury were more depressed than the normal subjects, but less depressed than the patients with anxiety state or depressive diorder. Within the former group, however, only those who inflicted injury on self because of anger or depression, showed significantly higher scores on depression general scale than the normal group. This means that some of those with scars of self-injury show depression but that other cases show little depression. There were significant differences in scores of each scale of anxiety and depression according to severity, site, frequency and time of self-injury. Such characteristics reflect severe psychopathology and high risk of recurrence in self-injury.
조사대상 및 방법