5세 유아의 음악적성과 지능검사하위항목 및 하위척도와의 상관관계를 알아보기 위해 음악적성검사는 Kids MAT를, 지능검사는 한국판 K-ABC를 사용하여 수행하였다. 평균연령이하 5세 유아와 평균연령이상 5세 유아간에는 음악적성과 지능검사 하위항목간에 차이가 있었고, 여자유아는 남자유아보다 이들 두 요인간에 상관이 높았으며, 5세 유아전체로는 가락과는 수회생, 단어배열 및 인물과 장소가 1% 유의수준에서, 리듬과는 수회생 및 인물과 장소가 1% 유의 수준에서 상관이 있었다. 가락과 리듬의 합으로 나타낸 음악적성은 수회생과 인물과 장소에서 0.1% 유의수준을, 그리고 단어배열과 수수께끼에서 1% 유의수준의 상관이 있는 것으로 나타냈다.
In oder to know the relation between musical aptitude and intelligence quotient, specially IQ test subitems, for 5-year children this study was carried out. It was performed for 3 weeks from Nov. 9~27, 2009 with 15 boys and 21 girls of 5 years old class at the attached kindergarten of K university using Kids MAT for musical aptitude and Korean K-ABC for intelligence quotient test. It was shown some differences between musical aptitude and IQ test sub items and scales in age group above medium and below medium. The age group below medium was more affected by the logical thinking and the age group above medium was by the environmental conditions such as the family relation and acquired knowledges from TV, cartoons and books. Also, it was distinguishable differences between boys and girls. Instead of boys showed the poor correlation between musical aptitude and subitems of IQ test, girls showed higher correlation between musical aptitude and `triangle` item, and with other items, too. Generally, As 5 year old children showed close relation with musical aptitude and subitems of IQ test. 1% confidence level was certified between melody and some IQ test subitems such as `memory of figures`, `rearrangement of words` and `person and place`, also between rhythm and `memory of figures` and `person and place` too. The musical aptitude, sum of scores acquired from melody and rhythm test, showed 0.1% confidence level with `memory of figure` and `person and place`, and 1.0% confidence level with `rearrangement of words` and ‘the riddle`.