The author investigated the opinions and attitudes of nonpsychiatric physicians toward the mental illness in comparison with those of public and considered the influence of the psychiatric education on the opinion and attitude toward the mental illness. The studied group consisted of 287 nonpsychiat-Ticphysicians who work at 16 general hospitals (6 in Seoul, 10 in other areas). The control group was divided into two subgroups; 292 people residing in Seoul, and 145 people who had at least high school education among 292 people. The study was done by the questionaire form devised by Star and modified by Terashima. The results are as follows: 1) The identification rates of physician group for Star’s 3 case stories were 96. 9% for paranoid schizophrenia, 77.7% for simple schizophrenia and 50. 5% for alcoholism, and were in general higher than those of public. 2) About half in both groups understood psychosis and neurosis as a psychological problem, however, the physician group understood neurosis as physical problem comparatively less than the public did. 3) About half of the physician group stated thatthey would consider mental illness as ‘shame and conceal the mental ills in their family members if one of their family menbers were a mental case. 4) As far as treatment is concerned, 63.1% of the physician group thought mental illness as treatable’ and also they expressed much more positive response than public toward treatment in a mental hospital. 5) As to prognosis of the mental illness, the physican group showed more pessimistic than the public did. 6) In general, the attitudes toward psychiatrists were positive. 7) The author feels that the identification for mental illness may be increasing by the general or specific education. However, the study showed that the possibility of sociocultural factors influencing attitudes toward the mental illnesses can not be excluded.
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