간호사들에서 월경전불쾌기분장애와 삶의 질, 사회직업기능 및 장애 간의 연관성
Associations of Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder with Quality of Life, Socio-Occupational Function and Disability in Nurses
Objectives：This study aimed to investigate the prospective associations of premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) with quality of life, socio-occupational function and disability. Methods：170 nurses were recruited from two general hospitals. Interviews were made at baseline and at four follow-up points (two mid follicular phases and two late luteal phases of the two consecutive menstrual cycles). The baseline evaluation consisted of sociodemographic characteristics and menstrual history. PMDD was diagnosed by DSM-IV criteria after observation of the two menstrual cycles. The follow-up evaluations were consisted of the World Health Organization Quality of Life-Brief form, the Social and Occupational Functioning Assessment Scale, and the World Health Organization Disability Assessment Scale-II. Results：PMDD was detected 15 (8.8%) of 170 participants. The PMDD group showed significantly worse quality of life and socio-occupational functioning than the none-PMDD group particularly at the late luteal phases. No significant differences were found in sociodemographic characteristics and menstrual history between those with and without PMDD. Conclusion：PMDD was prospectively associated with worse quality of life and socio-occupational functioning in this study group.
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