야뇨증 환아들의 심리사회적 특성에 대한 다기관 연구：행동 및 정서 문제를 중심으로
Behavioral and Emotional Problems in Children with Nocturnal Enuresis： Results of a Multicenter Study
Objectives：The aim of this study was to examine the behavioral and emotional problems associated with nocturnal enuresis in Korean children. Methods：Three hundred eighteen children with nocturnal enuresis, together with their parents, completed the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL), Disruptive Behavior Disorder Scale according to DSM-IV (DBDS), Children’s Depression Inventory (CDI), State-Trait Anxiety Inventory for Children (STAIC), and Piers-Harris Children’s Self-Concept Scale (PHCSC). Ninetythree normal students were selected as the control group. Results：Compared to the normal control group, the mean scores with regard to the withdrawn, social problems, attention problems, delinquent behavior, aggressive behavior, externalizing problems and total problems profiles were significantly higher in the nocturnal enuresis group according to the CBCL results. The nocturnal enuresis group also scored significantly higher in the ADHD and ODD profiles of the DBDS. The nocturnal enuresis group was more depressed and anxious than the control group according to the results of the CDI and STAI. The mean score of the PHCSC was significantly lower in the nocturnal enuresis group when compared to the normal control group. Conclusion：The results of this study suggest that children with nocturnal enuresis in Korea have clinically relevant behavioral and emotional problems. The findings support the link between nocturnal enuresis and psychopathology in Korean children.