상세검색
최근 검색어 전체 삭제
다국어입력
즐겨찾기0
커버이미지 없음
KCI등재 학술저널

Calcium Ions are Involved in Modulation of Melittin-induced Nociception in Rat: I. Effect of Voltage-gated Calcium Channel Antagonist

Calcium Ions are Involved in Modulation of Melittin-induced Nociception in Rat: I. Effect of Voltage-gated Calcium Channel Antagonist

Melittin-induced nociceptive responses are mediated by selective activation of capsaicin-sensitive primary afferent fibers and are modulated by excitatory amino acid receptor, cyclooxygenase, protein kinase C and serotonin receptor. The present study was undertaken to investigate the peripheral and spinal actions of voltage-gated calcium channel antagonists on melittin-induced nociceptive responses. Changes in mechanical threshold and number of flinchings were measured after intraplantar (i.pl.) injection of melittin (30μg/paw) into mid-plantar area of hindpaw. L-type calcium channel antagonists, verapamil [intrathecal (i.t.), 6 or 12μg; i.pl.,100 & 200μg; i.p., 10 or 30 mg], N-type calcium channel blocker, ω-conotoxin GVIA (i.t., 0.1 or 0.5μg; i.pl., 5μg) and P-type calcium channel antagonist, ω- agatoxin IVA (i.t., 0.5μg; i.pl., 5μg) were administered 20 min before or 60 min after i.pl. injection of melittin. Intraplantar pre-treatment and i.t. pre- or post-treatment of verapamil and ω-conotoxin GVIA dose-dependently attenuated the reduction of mechanical threshold, and melittin-induced flinchings were inhibited by i.pl. or i.t. pre-treatment of both antagonists. P-type calcium channel blocker, ω- agatoxin IVA, had significant inhibitory action on flinching behaviors, but had a limited effect on melittin-induced decrease in mechanical threshold. These experimental findings suggest that verapamil and ω-conotoxin GVIA can inhibit the development and maintenance of melittin-induced nociceptive responses.

로딩중