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SCOPUS 학술저널

Alteration of Striatal Tetrahydrobiopterin in Iron-Induced Unilateral Model of Parkinson’s Disease

Alteration of Striatal Tetrahydrobiopterin in Iron-Induced Unilateral Model of Parkinson’s Disease

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It has been suggested that transition metal ions such as iron can produce an oxidative injuries to nigrostriatal dopaminergic neurons, like Parkinson’s disease (PD) and subsequent compensative increase of tetrahydrobiopterin (BH<sub>4</sub>) during the disease progression induces the aggravation of dopaminergic neurodegeneration in striatum. It had been established that the direct administration of BH<sub>4</sub> into neuron would induce the neuronal toxicity in vitro. To elucidate a role of BH<sub>4</sub> in patho-genesis in the PD<em> in vivo</em>, we assessed the changes of dopamine (DA) and BH<sub>4</sub> at striatum in unilateral intranigral iron infused PD rat model. The ipsistriatal DA and BH<sub>4</sub> levels were significantly increased at 0.5 to 1 d and were continually depleting during 2 to 7 d after intranigral iron infusion. The turnover rate of BH<sub>4</sub> was higher than that of DA in early phase. However, the expression level of <em>GTP- cyclohydrolase I</em> mRNA in striatum was steadily increased after iron administration. These results suggest that the accumulation of intranigral iron leads to generation of oxidative stress which damage to dopaminergic neurons and causes increased release of BH<sub>4</sub> in the dopaminergic neuron. The degenerating dopaminergic neurons decrease the synthesis and release of both BH4 and DA <em>in vivo</em> that are relevance to the progression of PD. Based on these data, we propose that the increase of BH<sub>4</sub> can deteriorate the disease progression in early phase of PD, and the inhibition of BH<sub><sup>4</sup></sub> increase could be a strategy for PD treatment.

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