Indole, Indole-3-calbinol 및 Benzofuran이 간장 microsome과 cytosol의 약물대사 효소 활성도에 미치는 영향
Differential Effects of Indole, Indole-3-carbinol and Benzofuran on Several Microsomal and Cytosolic Enzyme Activities in Mouse Liver
- 차영남(Young-Nam Cha) 정진호(Jin-Ho Chung) David C. Thompson Henry S. Heine
- 제21권 제1호
- 1 - 11 (11 pages)
이물질(xenobiotics) 대사에 관여하는 간장 microsome과 cytosol 효소 활성에 indole, indole-3-carbinol 및 benzofuran이 미치는 영향을 검색하기위하여 마우스에 이들 약물을 각각 5 mmole/kg씩 10일간 투여하여 다음 몇 가지의 성적을 얻었다. Benzofuran은 microsome 효소인 aniline hydroxylase, 7-ethoxycoumarin O-deethylase, p-nitrophenol UDPGA-transferase, epoxide hydrolase와 cytosol 효소인 glutathione S-tranferase, NADH : quinone reductase, UDP-glucose dehydrogenase의 활성도를 증가시켰다. 그러나 benzofuran과는 구조적으로 furan ring내의 N원소가 O원소로 치환되었을 뿐 주된 구조가 유사한 indole과 indole-3-carbinol 투여로는 UDPGA-transferase와 NADH: quinone reductase의 활성도 증가를 볼 수 없었으며, 특히 indole은 NADPH : cytochrome C reductase만을 증가시킨데 비하여 구조상 indole에 carbinol (methanol)기가 붙은 indole-3-carbinol은 수종의 mixed function oxidase와 아울러 특히 epoxide hydrolase의 활성도 역시 증가시켰다. 이러한 결과는 benzofuran과 indole-3-carbinol에 의한 epoxide hydrolase 활성도 증가의 기전의 일부를 설명할 수 있을 것으로 생각된다.
The effects of feeding indole, indole-3-carbinol and benzofuran (all at 5 mmole/kg body wt./day) on various hepatic microsomal and cytosolic enzyme activities involved in xenobiotic metabolism have been compared. Benzofuran was found to elevate the activities of many enzymes both in microsomes (e.g., aniline hydroxylase, 7-ethoxycoumarin O-deethylase, p-nitrophenol UDPGA-transferase and epoxide hydrolase) and in cytosol (e.g., glutathione reductase, glutathione S-transferase, NADH:quinone reductase and UDP-glucose dehydrogenase). The structures of indole and indole-3-carbinol are similar to benzofuran except for the substitution of nitrogen with oxygen atom within the furan ring. Results showed that the activities of UDPGA-transferase and NADH:quinone reductase were not elevated by these indole compounds. While the chemical structure of these two indole compounds are identical except for the presence of the carbinol (methanol) group in indole-3-carbinol, there were marked differences in the types and activities of microsomal enzymes that were enhanced. Among the microsomal enzyme activities determined, indole elevated only the NADPH:cytochrome c reductase, while indole-3-carbinol increased several mixed function oxidase and particularly the epoxide hydrolase activities. Based on the chemical structures of tested compounds and the observed results, possible explanations for the mechanisms involved in elevating epoxide hydrolase activity by benzofuran and indole-3-carbinol are discussed.