Thrombin성 혈소판응집에 대한 Amitriptyline, Sertraline 및 Chlorpromazine의 억제작용
Inhibitory Effects of Amitriptyline, Sertraline and Chlorpromazine on the Thrombin-induced Aggregation of Platelets
- 최상현(Sang-Hyun Choi) 이영재(Young-Jae Lee) 신경호(Kyung-Ho Shin) 천연숙(Yeon-Sook Chun) 전보권(Boe-Gwun Chun)
- 제31권 제3호
- 299 - 312 (14 pages)
혈소판은 혈전기전의 중요요소로, monoamine성 신경전달물질의 대사에 있어서 신경계와 유사점을 가지고 있다. 따라서 항우울약물인 amitriptyline (AMT)과 sertraline (SRT)의 혈소판응집 억제와 이에 의한 세포내 신호전달 물질의 함량변동 및 단백인산화에 대한 영향을 chlorpromazine (CPZ)과 비교연구함으로써, 이들 약물의 혈소판응집 억제작용의 효능을 검정하고, 항 혈소판 및 항우울 작용기전의 일단을 규명하고자 하였다. SRT, CPZ 및 AMT은 thrombin (0.25 unit/ml)에 의한 혈소판응집을 억제하였으며, 각각의 IC50은 4.37 ×10<sup>-5</sup> M, 5.76 × 10<sup>-5</sup> M 및 1.15 × 10<sup>-4</sup> M이었다. 이러한 억제효과는 A23187(1.0μM)및 PMA(320 nM)에 의한 혈소판응집에 대해서도 유사하게 나타났다. thrombin은 혈소판응집과 아울러 thromboxane B<sub>2</sub> 및 prostaglandin E<sub>2</sub> 생성을 유의하게 증가시켰으며, 이러한 arachidonic acid 생성은 CPZ, AMT 및 SRT에 의하여 현저하게 억제되었다. CPZ, AMT 및 SRT은 cAMP 함량을 용량의존적으로 감소시켰으며, SRT, AMT (1 × 10<sup>-4</sup> M) 및 CPZ (3 × 10<sup>-5</sup> M)은 cGMP 함량을 증가시키는 경향을 보였다. 한편, Ins(1,4,5)P<sub>3</sub> 함량은 thrombin 부하 후 10초 이내에 정점에 도달한 후 45초 이후까지 유지된다. CPZ과 AMT은 혈소판의 Ins(1,4,5)P<sub>3</sub> 함량을 현저히 증가시키며, thrombin에 의한 증가도 유의하게 증강시킨다. SRT은 혈소판의 Ins(1,4,5)P<sub>3</sub>을 증가시키나, thrombin 부하 후 증강되지는 않았다. Ins(1,4,5)P<sub>3</sub> 증가에 이어서, [Ca<sup>2+</sup>]<sub>i</sub>은 thrombin 부하 후 20초에 최고점에 이르며, 이러한[Ca<sup>2+</sup>]<sub>i</sub>, 증가는 세 약물에 의하여 현저하게 억제되었다. 혈소판 단백인산화에 대해서, thrombin은 41 ~ 43 kDa 및 20kDa 단백인산화를 현저하게 증가시켰으며, 이는 AMT, SRT 및 CPZ에 의하여 억제되었다. CPZ, AMT 및 SRT 등의 세 약물은 유의한 항응집효과와 thromboxane생성억제 효과를 나타냈으며, 이들 약물에 의한 protein kinase C 활성억제 및 Ins(1,4,5)P<sub>3</sub>의 함량증가는 각각 이들약물의 항응집효과 및 항우울성 작용기전과 연관될 수 있음을 시사한다.
Platelets resemble monoaminergic neurons in several respects, i.e. the uptake of 5-HT and its inhibition, the subcellular storage and release of 5-HT, and the metabolism of aromatic amines brought about by monoamine oxidase. And the 5-HT content of rabbit platelets is well known to be about 40 times higher than that of human platelets. Therefore, this study was carried out to investigate the influences of amitriptyline (AMT) and sertraline (SRT) on the aggregation, contents of signaling second messengers, and protein phosphorylations of rabbit platelets in response to thrombin, 0.25 unit/ml, comparing with those of chlorpromazine (CPZ). Thrombin-induced aggregation was inhibited by SRT (IC50:4.37 × 10<sup>-5</sup> M), CPZ (IC50:5.76 × 10<sup>-5</sup> M), and AMT (IC50:1.15 × 10<sup>-4</sup> M), respectively, and the aggregation by A23187 (1.0μM) or PMA (320 nM) was also inhibited by SRT, CPZ, and AMT. AMT, SRT, and CPZ had little affects on basal contents of platelet TXB<sub>2</sub> and PGE<sub>2</sub>, but all of them inhibited the thrombin-induced increase of TXB<sub>2</sub>. Thrombin did not change the platelet contents of cAMP and cGMP. CPZ, AMT, and SRT produced the slight decrease of basal cAMP content, and their effects were not affected by thrombin-treatment. But SRT and AMT moderately increased the basal cGMP content, and the cGMP content of thrombin-stimulated platelets was gradually increased by the pretreatment with SRT, AMT, and CPZ. Particularly, the SRT-dependent increase of the cGMP content was notable. Platelet Ins(1,4,5)P<sub>3</sub> content was rapidly increased up to a plateau within 10 sec after thrombin-stimulation, AMT, SRT, and CPZ increased the basal Ins(1,4,5)P<sub>3</sub> content, and the thrombin-dependent increase was enhanced by pretreatment with CPZ and AMT, but was blunted by SRT. Platelet [Ca<sup>2+</sup>]<sub>i</sub>, was rapidly increased up to a peak level within 20 sec after thrombin-stimulation. The increase of [Ca<sup>2+</sup>]<sub>i</sub> was sisnificantly inhibited by AMT, SRT, and CPZ. Thrombin- or PMA-induced phosphorylations of platelet 41 ~ 43 kDa and 20 kDa proteins were significantly inhibited by AMT, SRT, and CPZ. These results suggest that the antiplatelet activities of AMT and CPZ may be considerably attributed to the inhibition of protein kinase C activity, and the activity of SRT may be associated with the inhibitory effect on the thrombin-induced increase of Ins(1,4,5)P<sub>3</sub> and the increasing effect on the cGMP content of ptatelets. Therefore, it seems to be evident that AMT and SRT may produce their antidepressant activity, at least, partly through the inhibition of protein kinase C activity or the increase of resting Ins(1,4,5)P<sub>3</sub>, content and in case of SRT, to a lesser extent, via the increase of cGMP in the brain.