Iatrogenic hydroureter and hydronephrosis following hysterotomy with ovariohysterectomy in a pregnant dog
A 14-month-old, neutered female Miniature Pinscher was referred due to severe renal failure. The dog was treated with hysterotomy and followed by ovariohysterectomy (OHE) 6 days before the presentation. Excretory urographic and ultrasonographic studies revealed bilateral hydroureter and hydronephrosis. Postmortem necropsy revealed that ligatures were placed around the caudal portion of bilateral ureters in front of entrance into the bladder. This case shows that identifying and protecting the ureters are important during hysterotomy with OHE as well as OHE.