Ectopic migration of Dirofilaria immitis in a Eurasian otter (Lutra lutra) in Korea
- Ji-Youl Jung Kyunghyun Lee Hyun-Ji Seo Yun Sang Cho Young-Dae Kim Ji-Hyeon Kim ByungJae So Eun-Jin Choi
- Korean Journal of Veterinary Research(구 대한수의학회지)
- 제58권 제2호
- 등재여부 : KCI등재
- 107 - 109 (3 pages)
An 8-year-old female Eurasian otter (Lutra lutra) reared in a wetland center, died 2 h after sudden onset of astasia and dyspnea despite medical treatment. Gross examination of internal organs revealed 10 adult filarioid nematodes in the right ventricle of the heart and three between the left and right cerebral hemispheres. All nematodes were identified as Dirofilaria immitis by direct microscopy and polymerase chain reaction assay. Histopathological observation revealed multifocal hemorrhage in the cerebral subarachnoid space and focal necrosis with hemorrhage in the cerebellar parenchyma. Although rare, veterinarians should consider cerebral dirofilariasis as a differential diagnosis in unexplained neurological cases.