교정용 Open coil spring의 역학적 특성에 관한 연구
A STUDY ON THE MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF ORTHODONTIC OPEN COlL SPRINGS
- 박규찬(Kyu-Chan Park) 김상철(Sang-Cheol Kim)
- The Korean Journal of Orthodontics
- 제22권 제1호
- 등재여부 : KCI등재
- 135 - 146 (12 pages)
It was the purpose of this study to analyze and compare the mechanical properties of orthodontic open coil springs. Four variable factors were presented - wire diameter (.008″, .009″, .010″), lumen size (.030″, .032″, .036″), arch wire size and shape (.016″ round, .016″ x .022″ rect.) and alloy type (HiT II, Elgiloy, Sentalloy). The total 104 specimens were divided into 13 groups, and compression test was performed on an Instron test machine. The load-deflection curve of each open coil spring was obtained, from which, the load-deflection relations, stiffnesses, percent recoveries were computed statistically. The results were obtained as follows: 1. When the lumen size of the coil spring remained constant, stiffness and percent recovery increased as the wire diameter increased. 2. When the wire diameter of the coil spring remained constant, stiffness and percent recovery decreased as the lumen size increased. 3. The effect of size and shape of arch wire on the coil spring was not statistically significant. 4. In alloy types, stiffness was the greatest in HiT II (55.21), Elgiloy (42.61) and Sentalloy (7.74) in that order. Sentalloy exhibited superior percent recovery and long range of action.