성견에서 전자력을 이용한 간헐적 교정력에 의한 치아이동시 초기 조직학적 변화에 관한 연구
A study on the initial tissue changes to intermittennt force in dogs
- 송홍범(Hong-Bum Sohn) 박영철(Young-Chel Park)
- The Korean Journal of Orthodontics
- 제20권 제2호
- 등재여부 : KCI등재
- 319 - 331 (13 pages)
The purpose of this study was to help examining force system, optimal treatment, and prevention of relapse. Orthodontic force was generated by electromagnets, therefore duration could be freely controlled, and applied for 4 days in dogs. Force magnitude was 200gm and 50gm. duration was contious and intermittent. Intermittent duration was divided into 2 kinds of types in on/off, 1 mininute/1 minute, 10 seconds/1 minute. The results were as follows: 1. In the intermittent group to which force was applied for 10 seconds and ceased for 1 minute, osteoclast was not observed. 2. In the intermittent group to which 200gm of force was applied for 1 minute and ceased for 1 minute, there was blood circulation in periodontal space on pressure side, but mild hyalinized zone was observed. 3. More number of total osteoclast was counted in the pressure side of continous group to which 200gm of force was applied than in any other groups. 4. More number of frontal osteoclast was counted in the pressure side of intermittent group to which 200gm was applied for 1 minute and ceased for 1 minute than in any other groups. 5. On tension side, less periodontal space widening, more new bone and secondary cementum formation were observed in the intermittent group to which force was applied for 1 minute and ceased for 1 minute than in the continous group.