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SCOPUS 학술저널

The Staging of Major Mood Disorders

Clinical and Neurobiological Correlates

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Objective_Staging of psychiatric disorders is gaining momentum and the purpose of this review is to examine whether major mood disorders can be defined according to stages. Methods_In April 2018 the PubMed electronic data base was scrutinized by a combination of various search terms like “major depressive disorder and staging,” “bipolar disorder and neuroprogression,” etc. To incorporate the latest findings the search was limited to the last 10 years. Both original and review articles were examined by reading the abstracts, and papers which were found to be particularly applicable were read in full and their reference lists were also consulted. Results_A significant increase occurred in the number of papers published on the topic of staging of mood disorders. Staging formats were found for both major mood disorders, with the caveat that many more articles were discovered for bipolar disorder. Current evidence points to allostatic load and neuroprogression as the basis for staging of mood disorders. Conclusion_Principal affective illnesses may be characterized by distinct stages, for instance early, intermediate and late. These phases inform the management so that clinicians should incorporate the staging schema into everyday practice and implement treatment strategies according to the phase of the illness.

INTRODUCTION

SEARCH STRATEGY

DEVELOPMENTAL TRAJECTORY OF MOOD DISORDERS

NEUROPRESSION-THE BASIS OF STAGING MOOD DISORDERS

ALLOSTATIC LOAD MODEL OF MOOD DISORDERS

NEUROBIOLOGICAL FINDINGS

STAGING MODELS

TREATMENT IMPLICATIONS OF STAGING

LIMITATIONS OF STAGING MODELS

CONCLUSION

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