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KCI등재 학술저널

복지분권화에 따른 법적 문제

Legislative Problem According to Welfare Decentralization

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There has been a continuous debate on decentralization of welfare. The proponents of decentralization argue that it will enhance the autonomy of local governments and the efficiency in the provision of service. However, the opponents argue that it will lead to the welfare reduction and the increased inequality among localities. This study attempts to deal with the question, focusing on the evaluation of Decentralization reform. The main results are as follows: After the decentralization, local governments has undergone hardships in financing the welfare service, while there is no clear evidence that the local autonomy has enhanced. In respect of fiscal role-sharing, local duties has significantly increased because of the insufficient grants-in-aid for decentralization and inappropriate formula in assessing the grants. In respect of functional role-sharing, the decreased role of central government made it difficult for local governments to provide enough residential institution for the elderly and the disabled. To improve the decentralization reform, deliberate reclassification is needed to decide which item should be transferred to localities. Regarding the characteristic of the projects, social services could be transferred in the long run, while central government should take more responsibilities for the income guarantee and protection for the disadvantaged.

Ⅰ. 들어가는 말

Ⅱ. 지방분권과 복지분권의 논의 구조

Ⅲ. 복지분권의 현행 법적 근거

Ⅳ. 복지분권을 둘러싼 제반 문제점

Ⅳ. 실질적 복지분권을 위한 입법개선 방향

Ⅴ. 결론

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