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SCOPUS 학술저널

An Industrial Analysis of Trade Creation and Diversion Effects of NAFTA

An Industrial Analysis of Trade Creation and Diversion Effects of NAFTA

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Welfare effects of economic integration are often studied with aggregate data, and as such provide limited insights about the effects of trade pacts to individual economic agents in the free trade area. In this study a three-digit disaggregated commodity/ industry data grouped under the Standard International Trade Classification is used to empirically assess the economic benefits of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). Import demand elasticities from a dynamic demand model were used to estimate both trade creation and trade diversion effects of removing all tariff barriers from among NAFTA countries-US, Canada and Mexico. Results show that US imports of crude oil and petroleum products from Canada and most US imports from Mexico are more sensitive to domestic prices than to bilateral import prices. Further, results indicate that US will benefit the most from the initial trade effects of NAFTA, while Mexico will benefit the least. Specifically, US exporters of automatic data processing equipment, and pulp and waste paper products will benefit the most from increased trade with NAFTA countries. Mexican exporters of crude oil, and vegetables and fresh produce; and Canadian exporters of paper and paperboard products will be the most beneficiaries of NAFTA among exporters in these respective countries. (JEL Classification: F1, F2)

Ⅰ. Introduction

Ⅱ. Major Provisions of the North American Free Trade Agreement

Ⅲ. Trade Creation and Trade Diversion Effects of NAFTA

Ⅳ. Specification of the Import Demand Behavior and Seemingly Unrelated Regression Equations (SURE)

Ⅴ. Results and Interpretations

Ⅵ. Conclusion

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