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SCOPUS 학술저널

European Enlargement and Single Market Accession: A Mistreated Issue

European Enlargement and Single Market Accession: A Mistreated Issue

From 2004, enlargement of the European Union is expected to bring substantial net economic benefits. Herein lies a weakness, in that practically all empirical studies characterise ‘single market’ accession using simple ad hoc uniform percentage reductions in trade costs. Employing a modified gravity specification we estimate these costs and derive non-tariff barrier (NTB) equivalents, whilst associated regional impacts are calculated within a computable general equilibrium (CGE) framework. Our results suggest that spatial effects in gravity estimations have a dampening impact on NTBs for eleven of our sixteen sectors, which is reflected at the regional level.

Ⅰ. Introduction

Ⅱ. Aims and Objectives

Ⅲ. The Gravity Model

Ⅳ. CGE experiment

Ⅴ. Conclusions

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