황금배(Pyrus pyrifolia Nakai) 잎 조직으로부터 기내 신초 재분화
In vitro shoot regeneration from Leaf tissue of Whangkeumbae pear (Pyru pyrfolia Nakai)
In order to establish an efficient adventitious shoot regeneration conditions from leaf explants for Asian pear ``Whangkeumbae``, the effect of concentration and kinds of plant growth regulator and carbon source was investigated. Leaf explants of cultures grown on Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium containing 8 g/L plant agar were used. When the medium contained 0.25 mg/L thidiazuron (TDZ) and 0.3 mg/L indolebutyric acid (IBA), the adventitious shoot regeneration rate (ASRR) was greater as 61.1% than others treated and higher TDZ concentrations (2.5 and 5 mg/L) treatment significantly reduced the ASRR. As the effect of IBA and indoleacetic acid (IAA) concentration on the ASRR, 0.5 mg/L TDZ plus different concentration of IAA exhibited relatively high ASRR and 0.5 mg/L TDZ pIus 0.3 mg/L IAA showed the highest ASRR of 76.7%. Also the effect of sucrose and sorbitol as carbon source on regeneration was examined. The highest ASRR and the most shoots per explants averaged 94.4% and 3.49 by treatment of 30 mg/L sorbitol, respectably. Sorbitol is considered better carbon source than sucrose for shoot regeneration of ``Whangkeumbae`` pear.