지역사회 성인의 혈압측정횟수 및 연령에 따른 혈압의 차이
Differences in Blood Pressure among Adults in the Community according to Blood Pressure Measurement Time and Age
Purpose: This study aimed to identify the differences in blood pressure among adults in the community according to age and time of the blood pressure measurement. Methods: This was a secondary analysis study, using data from a 2015 community health survey, conducted by the Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The data of three-time-measured blood pressure were collected from 337 subjects, 25, 35, 45, 55, 65, 75 years old, which are median ages by each age group. Results: The primary systolic pressure was significantly higher than the secondary systolic pressure (t=3.46, p=.001) and the tertiary systolic pressure (t=4.83, p=.001). The secondary systolic pressure was higher than the tertiary measurement (t=2.05, p=.041). There was no significant difference between the three-time-measured values for diastolic pressure. There was a significant interaction between measurement times and age in the systoic blood pressure readings (F=1.95, p=.036). However, there was no significant interaction between measurement times and age in the diastolic blood pressure readings (F=1.03, p=.418). Conclusion: The findings suggest that attention must be paid to the use of blood pressure values in studies or one-time-measured clinical blood pressure values. In particular, the differences in systolic pressure readings taken at different times in the older age groups were significant. Therefore, it is more important to carefully assess blood pressure in adults over the age of 45 compared to other age groups.