The purpose of this study was to examine whether self-efficacy, perceived social support, stress level had an effect on social problem solving skills in patients with severe mental illnesses. The subjects consisted of 360 patients with severe mental illnesses who were attending 16 psychosocial rehabilitation centers in Korea, Data were measured by Social Problem Solving Inventory, Self-Efficacy Scale, Social Support Questionnaire(family support, peer support, professional support questionnaire), Stress Index Scale, and analysed by the SPSS(stepwise multiple regression). The results of this study were as follows: First, the self-efficacy, peer support, level of stress of the mental patients had an effect on social problem solving skills. Second, positive problem solving orientation among the sub-index for social problem solving skills was influenced by professional staff s support. Third, the rational problem solving skill among sub-index for social problem solving skills was influenced by self-efficacy of mental patients, professional staff s support, family support and peer support. Fourth, the avoidance style of the social problem solving skills were influenced by low self-efficacy and high tress level of mental patients. Based on the outcomes of this study, it is necessary to design an intervention program that emphasizes increasing self-efficacy and social support, and decreasing stress in order to improve social problem solving skills in severe mental patients.
Ⅳ. 논의 및 결론