Since Asperger syndrome was included in DSM-Ⅳ in 1994, interest in Asperger syndrome has been increased continuously. However, there is still some uncertainties whether Asperger syndrome can be seen as a valid condition which is distinguished from high functioning autism. In this review different symptoms between two disorders are discussed. Currently there are only a few screening instruments for children and adults with Asperger syndrome. Screening instruments for Asperger syndrome available now are introduced. One of the most active areas of current research in the field of autism is cognitive deficits, especially those of children and adults with Asperger syndrome and high functioning autism. Researches addressing theory of mind, central coherence, and executive function of people with Asperger syndrome and autism have given us more understanding of the causes and deficits that define autism. In this review, recent research findings about the cognitive deficits of autism and Asperger syndrome are summarized and the findings are actively used in exploring social intervention methods for children with Asperger syndrome.
Ⅲ. 요약 및 결언