The purpose of this paper is to study on employment of the mental handicapped and relationship of their family members life quality, and to suggest right direction of their job rehabilitation, by inspecting the differences of life quality between family members of the employed and unemployed. For the method of this study, it was done by literature study and questionnaire. As for literature study, it was mentioned mainly on theories and measures with the reality of job rehabilitation of the mental handicapped and their life quality, and for questionnaire, it was studied on 20 direct family members, as experimental group, who were over than 30 and less than 60 years old, and were taking roles as guardians for the family members of over than 18 and less than 55 years old with diagnosis of schizophrenia by DSM-Ⅳ and they were in Seoul with jobs, among the members who were using job rehabilitation facilities. And, as for compare group, it was studied on 20 persons with similar condition to experimental group, among the family members of mental handicapped in their home in SeongSeo area in Daegu and among the members of Korea Family Association for Mental Health who were jobless and had mental handicapped family members. The result can be summarized as follows; First, First, in general items, they showed much higher result of divorced, bereavement, and cohabitation in total ration between experimental group and compare group excepting married than Korean general adults, and this means the family members of mental handicapped had some problems in family relationship by negative emotions like stress, anxiety, and change of role or the other environmental factors, and as for the relationship with the mental handicapped majority of them were their sons and daughters, and it means when we regard it in Korean emotion, the main role of local society rehabilitation was being done still by parents of the mental handicapped who took most guardian role, and in total income per month, from over than 500 thousand won to less than 1,000 thousand won was most frequent in total ration in both of experimental group and compare group, and this amount was much less than average income of Korean civil workers, so we can understand their double difficulty of family of the mental handicapped. Second, in emotional state, both of the groups showed low satisfaction because of melancholy, and this meant the family members life quality was increased by them as in so many results of preceding studies for life quality of the family members of the mental handicapped, and the fact that experimental group showed a little high result than that of compare group meant that their employment showed positive effect on their family members life quality.
Ⅱ. 이론적 배경
Ⅳ. 결과 및 고찰