이 연구는 청소년의 개인, 가족, 학교 특성에 따라 봉사활동 태도에 차이가 있는지를 알아보고 청소년의 봉사활동 태도에 영향을 미치는 개인, 가족, 학교 특성을 규명하고자 경남지역 중?고등학교 재학생 450명으로부터 설문조사한 자료를 분석하였다. 주요 결과는 다음과 같다. 첫째, 청소년의 봉사활동 태도는 개인 특성 중 성별, 종교, 학교 성적에 따라 차이가 있었다. 둘째, 청소년의 봉사활동 태도는 가족 특성 중 부모의 관심과 지지, 가족의 봉사활동 참여도에 따라 차이가 있었다. 셋째, 청소년의 봉사활동 태도는 학교 특성 중 교사의 관심과 지지에 따라 차이가 있었다. 넷째, 회귀분석 결과 청소년의 봉사활동 태도에 영향을 미치는 요인은 개인 특성 중에서 성별, 종교, 성적, 도덕성, 가족 특성 중에서 부모의 관심과 지지, 학교 특성 중에서 교사의 관심과 지지였다. 청소년의 봉사활동에 영향을 미치는 변수의 상대적 영향력은 부모의 관심과 지지, 도덕성, 성적, 성별, 교사의 관심과 지지, 종교의 순이었다. 이러한 결과는 청소년의 봉사활동 활성화를 위해 가족과 학교 등 청소년의 환경 체계가 관심을 갖고 청소년의 특성에 맞는 자원봉사 프로그램을 개발할 필요가 있음을 시사한다.
The purpose of this study was to examine the factors associated with adolescents attitude toward volunteer activities. Analyses of data provided by 450 adolescents attending secondary schools in Gyeongnam Province suggested the following results. First, adolescents attitude toward volunteer activities differed by gender, religion, and academic grades. Adolescents who were girls, who had religions, and whose academic grades were higher showed higher levels of positive attitude toward volunteer activities than their counterparts who were boys, who did not have religion and whose academic standing was lower. Second, adolescents attitude toward volunteer activities significantly differed by the family factor. To be specific, parental attention, parental support and family s participation in volunteer work made differences to the adolescents attitude toward volunteer activities. Third, the adolescents took significantly different attitudes toward voluntary activities according to the school factor. Significant differences were found according to attention and support from teachers. The students whose teachers had more interest in voluntary service and whose teachers offered more aid took a more positive attitude to voluntary service. Forth, some of the personal, family, and school factors were associated with adolescents attitude toward volunteer activities. Among the personal factors, gender, religion, academic standing, and morality were associated with dolescents attitude toward volunteer activities. Those who were girls, who were religious, whose academic standing was higher, and who were more moral took a more positive attitude toward volunteer activities. Among family and school factors, parental attention/support and attention and support from teachers affected the voluntary service attitude of the adolescents. The students whose parents had more interest and gave more support and whose teachers showed more interest and offered more support took a more positive attitude toward volunteer activities. Therefore parental attention and support were identified as the variable to make the best prediction of the adolescents positive attitude toward volunteer activities.
Ⅱ. 이론적 배경 및 선행 연구 고찰