Effects of Six Different Starter Cultures on Mutagenicity and Biogenic Amine Concentrations in Fermented Sausages Treated with Vitamins C and E
- Hyeong Sang Kim Seung Yun Lee Hea Jin Kang Seon-Tea Joo Sun Jin Hur
- Food Science of Animal Resources
- Food Science of Animal Resources 제39권 제6호
- 등재여부 : KCI등재
- 877 - 887 (11 pages)
This study was performed to determine changes in mutagenicity and biogenic amine concentrations in sausages fermented with six different starter cultures treated with vitamins C and E. Six different types of fermented sausages with different combination of starter cultures were manufactured. T1, Pediococcus acidilactici; T2, P. pentosaceus and Staphylococcus carnosus; T3, S. carnosus, S. xylosus, Debaryomyces hansenii, Lactobacillus curvatus, and P. pentosaceus; T4, S. carnosus and L. sakei; T5, S. xylosus and L. plantarum; and T6, Penicillium nalgiovensis. After treatment with vitamins C and E in fermented sausages, changes in mutagenicity and biogenic amine concentrations were measured. The sausages fermented with Staphylococcus xylosus and Lactobacillus plantarum starter cultures showed the most effective antimutagenic activity (p<0.05). The mutagenicity was further decreased in the sausages treated with vitamins C and E (p<0.05), regardless of the starter cultures. The use of Pediococcus acidilactici, S. xylosus, L. plantarum, and Penicillium nalgiovensis as starter cultures was effective in decreasing biogenic amine concentrations (p<0.05). In addition, vitamin E was more effective in decreasing the biogenic amine concentrations than vitamin C. In conclusion, we recommend the use of S. xylosus and L. plantarum as starter cultures, in addition to the use of vitamins C and E, to reduce the potential risk of meat mutagens in fermented sausages.
Materials and Methods