The purpose of this study is to investigate the family life participation and to analysis its related variables focusing on comparisons of male and female in the secondary students. The questionnaire included school environmental variables, family environmental variables, the preference degree of Home Economics, sex role attitudes and the family life participation. The participants were 600 middle and high school students but the final data used in this study were 559, For the statistical analysis of this study, frequency, mean, Cronbach s α coefficient, one way ANOVA, t-test and multiple regression were calculated. The results of this study were summarized as follows ; 1) The degree of family life participation was a little higher than middle level. While the highest participation degree was family activities participation, the participation degree of household work, communication and decision - making, leisure activities were low. 2) The variables that influence on the family life participation were the level of living and preference degree of Home Economics for both male and female.