The purpose of this study is to investigate teachers recognition and teaching methods in Housing of Home Economics Text Book of Middle School and to provide the basic data for improvement of its curriculum. Home Economics teachers of the 433schools responded in nationwide to the mailed questionaire. The selected data were manipulated by percent and verified in the way of t-test. The findings of this study are as follows: 1. Most Home Economics teachers have ever taken teacher training but there are few who have never taken any teacher raining in Housing. And even those who have ever taken the training in Housing are not satisfied with the training curriculum contents. Therefore, the result of this study shows that Housing should be included in the teacher training curriculum contents, and that the teacher training curriculum contents should be helpful for the actual teaching and learning. 2. It is necessary to allot more houres for Housing, in that most teachers actually allot more time for Housing than presented in teachers guide, and to develop more teaching aids for the effective instruction of Housing. In terms of the suitability of Housing to the students; learning development levels, the degree of suitability is in the order to the significance of housing, housing sanitation, the types of housing, the space for housing, the ground plan of housing, the arrangement of furniture. The contents about the interior decoration and gardening of the existing text book have turned out not to be appropriate. In terms of the relating between the place of residence and the curriculum, Housing is suitable for the city, but not for the farming, mining, and sea village, Teachers suggest that the contents of the curriculum about Housing should be varied according to the location of the school. 3. The number of the teaching aids for Housing is in the order of picture, charts and pamphlet but not sufficient. In addition, there are lots of difficulties in lab works for the lack of practicing facilities and teaching aids and the students indifference to Home Economics subject for scholastic ability to enter higher educational institutions. 4. Housing has turned out to be desirable to the following curriculum content of Home Economics for both boys and girls. Also most teachers suggest that teacher training should be advaced before the new text books come out, and that interior decoration, arranging space as well as the contents of the existing text book about Housing should be included in the new text book.