Vocational education in Korea has been suffered from various problems. The most serious problem is that various work-based learning programs, including school-based and job-based work experiences, are not developed and utilized well for students. Starting with premise, the study aims at investigation excellent cases of work-based learning programs in developer countries such as England, Germany, and U.S. The study also discusses the applicability of work-based vocational programs from advanced countries into Korean context. Apprenticeship in England and U.s, dual system in Germany, National Skill Standard in England and U.S, entrepreneurship education in England and Germany, and school-based learning progras in U.S, could shed light on developing work-based learning programs in Korean context. These efforts also could facilitage the transition of students from vocational institutes to the world of work. Government policies need to underline the following stragegies with a view to promoting the development and utilization of various work-based learning programs. First of all, learning by doing and learning by producing need to be emphasezed in vocational education instead of theory-centered learning. Secondly, strong lawful arrangements are needed, in which industries should play major roles for operation of work-based learning programs. Thirdly, work-based learning programs need to be closely linked to vocational qualification system at national level. Finally, an evaluation system of these programs needs to be established for measuring their effectiveness.