요양시설 돌봄제공자의 치매지식, 공감역량 및 치매행동심리증상 부담감
Formal Nursing Home Caregivers’ Dementia Knowledge, Empathy, and Burden of Care from Behavioral and Psychological Symptoms of Dementia
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the relationship between formal nursing home caregivers dementia knowledge, empathy, and burden of care from behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) and to identify the impact factors stemming from these symptoms. Methods: The participants in this study were 88 formal caregivers who worked in 12 nursing homes with over 50 beds located in G-do and C-do. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test or ANOVA, and Pearson correlation coefficient and multiple regression analysis. Results: The mean scores of dementia knowledge, empathy, and burden of care from BPSD were 0.70±0.13, 3.87±0.43, and 2.49±0.64, respectively. The burden of care from BPSD negatively correlates with dementia knowledge (r=-.58, p<.001) and empathy (r=-.48, p<.001). The factors impacting formal caregivers’burden of care from BPSD were dementia knowledge (β=-.46, p<.001) and empathy (β=-.28, p=.003),with an explanatory power of 39.0%. Conclusion: Dementia knowledge and empathy are factors impacting formal caregivers’ burden of care from BPSD. Thus, it is necessary to develop and provide education or programs to improve dementia knowledge and empathy to reduce formal nursing home caregivers’ burden of care from BPSD.
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