The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of knowledge and attitude on self-efficacy of cardiopulmonary resuscitation in the nursing students. Methods: The participants were 200 nursing students from Y county. The data were collected from October 1 to November 5, 2018. ANOVA, t-test, Pearson correlation, and stepwise multiple regression strategies were used to analyze the data of this study. All statistical analyses were conducted by utilizing SPSS 20.0. Results: Factors affecting the self-efficacy to cardiopulmonary resuscitation were number of CPR participation(β=0.11), attitude(β=0.53), knowledge(β=0.30). These factors explain 47.0% of the variance in self efficacy. Conclusion: As a result of the study, it was confirmed that the number of CPR participation, CPR knowledge, and CPR attitude were the main factors influencing the self-efficacy of basic CPR. Based on the results of this study, a follow-up study is proposed to develop an intervention program that can enhance the self-efficacy of basic CPR for nursing students.
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