Purpose: The purpose of the present study was to develop lists of phoneme perception tests for school-aged children. Methods: The 127 initial and 94 final consonant test items were modified by the difficulty level (reduced the number for the multiple-choice and controlled familiarity of target words and foil words). The validity of the results for normal hearing children was evaluated. Through discussions by experts in various fields, the target word list was revised. Words with a low percentage (<90%) of correct answers, vowel-consonant in an initial consonant test item, and consonant-vowel (CV) in final consonant item were eliminated and produced the last revised consonant perception test item for school-aged children. Results: The consonant test item consisted of three multiple-choice words type of consonant-vowel-consonant or CV. The 50 initial and 25 final consonant perception test items included the high degree of familiarity, corresponding frequency of phonemes for daily life speech sounds of children. Conclusion: To analyze the phoneme perception ability of school-age children by listening and to evaluate phoneme errors in children with congenital high frequency hearing loss, the results of this study are useful.
MATERIALS AND METHODS