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KCI우수등재 학술저널

개정 민법상의 후견계약의 특징, 문제점 그리고 개선방향

후견대체제도의 관점을 중심으로

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From the perspective of policy design, statutory or judicial guardianship, whereby a guardian is to be appointed and her/his authority and power are to be granted only in accordance with legal provisions, can meet difficulties in terms of its being unable to faithfully reflect individual needs of the wards. Relevant statutes tend to seek general solution rather than address individual needs. The needs of persons with dementia, developmental disabilities or mental disabilities for supported decision making or substituted decision making can be different and diverse from case to case, so that it is theoretically best for each individual to manage and administer the very situation of disabilities in decision making at present or in the future. From the perspective of individuals, to respect autonomy and right to self determination can not be separated from respecting and protecting their human rights. That being said, it is indispensible to supplement the very deficits arising from disabilities in decision making so as for disable persons to substantially enjoy as the same right to self determination as non-disabled persons do, because otherwise disabilities could disturb the full enjoyment of such right. Such an assistance is reasonable accommodation provided for in article 3 of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. Such a reasonable accommodation in this context should be to help disabled persons easily access and make guardianship contracts, and secure faithful performance by representatives of the contracts. It can materialize by state s helping family members, relatives or friends of disabled persons make guardianship contracts free of charge, and by assisting and supervising representatives by way of establishing the public guardianship center(s). If such a reasonable accommodation is realized, the Korean guardianship contract under the new Guardianship Act 2011 will become an important alternative to guardianship and preside the guardianship in terms of available means to persons with disabilities.

Ⅰ. 문제제기

Ⅱ. 의사결정능력 장애인에 대한 사회적 관점의 변화와 후견계약

Ⅲ. 우리나라 후견계약의 특징과 문제점

Ⅳ. 결론

참고문헌

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