영상저작물의 가치가 높아지고 사회 및 문화산업에 미치는 영향력이 점점 커지면서 영상저작물에 대한 표절의혹도 더욱 빈번히 제기되고 있다. 그러나 영상저작물의 표절에 관하여 아직 법원은 명확한 판단기준을 보여주고 있지 못하고 있다. 뿐만 아니라, 현재 판례의 경향은 포괄적ㆍ비문자적 유사성만이 존재하는 경우에 매우 제한적으로만 실질적 유사성을 인정하고 있다. 그 결과 전체적으로 보아 기존의 저작물과 상당히 유사한 느낌을 주는 작품임에도 불구하고 표절로 인정되지 않는 문제들이 발생하고 있다. 따라서 본 논문에서는 실질적 유사성을 판단하는 2단계 접근방법을 제안한다. 이 방법은 전체적 접근방법을 기본으로 하여, 분해적 접근방법을 보완한 것으로서, 이를 통해 영상저작물의 표절에 대해 보다 효과적으로 판단할 수 있을 것으로 기대된다.
Plagiarism is defined as the wrongful appropriation or stealing and publishing another s thoughts, ideas, or expressions and claiming that they are your own. Although plagiarism can constitute copyright infringement, the number of plagiarism cases is increasing in the motion picture industry. But some lack of uniformity prevails in judicial application of the substantial similarity test. In essence, courts differ over the subject matter to which the test applied. The application of different approach will frequently affect the outcome of the case, for any copyrighted literary work is likely to contain some, if not all, of these individually unprotectable elements. Under one view, substantial similarity is judged with respect to the whole of the copied portions of the plaintiff s work, including portions that viewed in isolation might not be eligible for copyright. This approach is called total concept and feel test and such an analysis treats the selection and sequencing of theses elements, perhaps unprotectible in isolation, as though they were a copyrightable compilation. Under another view, the uncopyrightable elements of copied material are first removed from consideration. Such elements include facts, ideas, and scènes á faire -trite, stock scenes or treatments of facts and ideas. This is dissection test and removing unprotectible elements prior to the substantial similarity of expression test would preclude copyright protection for factual compilations containing an innovative selection or arrangement of elements because each element would be eliminated and nothing would be left for purposes of determining substantial similarity. This article shows two-step-test for the substantial similarity in motion pictures. The first step is total concept and feel test to consider the whole of the copied portions of the plaintiff s work. Even if elements are found unprotectible, they should not be eliminated from the substantial similarity analysis. Because the unprotectible elements can constitute such total composition as to be subject to protection under the copyright laws. The whole becomes substantially greater than the sum total of its parts. The second step is dissection test to eliminate unprotectible part from similar elements between two works. If it is determined that the defendant used the unprotectible elements, then no copyright infringement can be found. But if the works are deemed substantially similar, then the court should consider whether there is an innovative arrangement of elements. If substantial similarity is found in an innovative arrangement, then copyright infringement will be established even though the copyrighted work is composed of unprotectible elements. This test is appropriate to find comprehensive-nonliteral-similarity between the works and it will be more efficient way to find plagiarism and copyright infringement of motion pictures and other audiovisual works.
Ⅱ. 영상저작물 표절 판단 기준으로서의 실질적 유사성
Ⅲ. 영상 저작물의 실질적 유사성 판단 방법