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KCI등재 학술저널

공황 발작으로 인한 응급실 내원과 대기 오염의 연관성

시간-층화 환자-교차 연구

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Objectives This study investigates the association between short-term exposure to air pollutants and panic attacks requiring emergency department (ED) visits. Methods We identified 1926 patients who visited EDs in Seoul with panic attacks as the primary cause during the period from 2008 to 2014. We estimated short-term exposure to particles <2.5 μm (PM2.5), particles <10 μm (PM10), nitrogen dioxide (NO₂), sulfur dioxide (SO₂), ozone (O₃), and carbon monoxide (CO). We applied a time-stratified case-crossover study design and conducted a conditional logistic regression analysis to assess the association between air pollutants levels and ED visits due to panic attacks. Results Increasing O₃ concentration was significantly associated with an increased risk of panic attacks requiring ED visits (odds ratio: 1.15; 95% confidence interval: 1.04-1.27) on the same day of exposure. This association was robust to the sensitivity analysis using two pollutant models. Conclusion Our results show that short-term exposure to elevated O₃ concentration is associated with the exacerbation of panic attacks. This finding strongly suggests the detrimental effects of O₃ on major public health problems and provides insights for further research to investigate the causal associations between air pollution and poor mental health.

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