이 연구는 중국 유학생의 스마트폰 사용량과 중독 수준을 측정하고, 스마트폰 중독이 대학생활적응에 어떠한 영향을 미치는지를 분석하였다. 본 연구의 주요 결과는 다음과 같다. 첫째, 중국인 유학생의 스마트폰 중독이 남․녀별, 나이별, 한국 내 체류기간별에 따라 다른 것으로 나타났다. 둘째, 스마트폰 중독이 대학생활적응에 부적인 영향을 미치고 있는 것으로 나타났다. 이는 스마트폰 중독 수준이 높아질수록 대학생활적응이 낮아진다는 것을 알 수 있다. 이러한 결과는 스마트폰 중독은 중국인 유학생의 대학생활적응을 위협한다는 것을 시사하고 있다.
The purpose of this study was to investigate the usage of smart phone by Chinese students in Korea, examine their smart phone addiction, and see how overuse of smart phone was connected to their college life adjustment . For the empirical verification of this study, data were collected by instruments of smart phone addiction, and college life adjustment by the survey of 373 students (male: 125, female: 248) in C college and D college located in Gwangju City and Jeollanam-do Province. Collected data were analyzed by the SPSS 20.0 program for Windows, and statistical analysis was conducted such as frequency analysis, t-test, one-way ANOVA, Pearson s correlation analysis, and regression analysis. The research findings were as follows; Firstly, female students showed a higher level of smart phone addiction than male students. According to age, the highest smart phone addiction rate appeared in the students that are older than 26. The age range of 18-20 had the lowest rate in smart phone addiction. If we classified the students by the time of living in Korea, we could find that those who are around 2-3 years showed most addiction of smart phone. And the group who are living 1-2 years showed lowest smart phone addition. Meanwhile, the smart phone addiction rate was not related to the degree level of students they are studying. Secondly, the correlation between smart phone addiction and college life adjustment showed negative relationship. Thirdly, smart phone addiction affect college life adjustment negatively. In conclusion, the smart phone addiction level show differences by gender, age, and living time in Korea. Furthermore, we can also conclude that the higher level smart phone addiction rate, the lower adaptability of university life. These results shows us that smart phone addiction threaten college life of Chinese students in Korea.
Ⅱ. 이론적 배경